The Bruce Peninsula, where Roche Fleurie is located, is well-known for its flora and fauna. Because there are few people and no industry, and because agriculture is very marginal the soil being thin and poor in most places, plants and animals that are rare in other areas of Ontario are relatively common here. Some of our wild flowers, like the Trillium grandiflorum below, are to be found in many parts of eastern North America. But some others, scarce in most places, are abundant here.
Indian paintbrush (Castilleja ssp.) is a plant associated with western North America. You see it in British Columbia and more south, for example, in Colorado. There are many different varieties. However the scarlet indian paintbrush (Castilleja coccinea) is quite common in the Bruce Peninsula where it usually grows on road embankments or on alvars where there is too little soil and few things survive. It cannot be transplanted, because it is semi-parasitic and requires some specific mycorrhizae.
|Yellow Lady Slipper|
Here are a few other natives.
Coral honeysuckle (Lonicera sp.), a climber.
Aqueligia canadensis is also very common. Here it grows among dandelions by the side of the road.
|Close-up of Aqueligia canadensis|
The Canada Mayflower (Maianthemum canadense).
All of these were in bloom this last weekend. The trillium was just about over, and the columbines had only been open for a day or two. The last few pictures were taken on the edge of the following road, where the maple and ash trees make a green tunnel.